Sex reassignment surgery SRS refers to a variety of surgical techniques used to change the bodies of people who have gender dysphoria. The surgeries involved in sex reassignment are also referred to as gender confirming surgery, gender reassignment surgery GRS or sex change surgery. Gender dysphoria, also known as transgenderism or gender identity disorder GID , is a condition in which a person feels a major mismatch between their biological sex and their gender identity. It is not a type of mental illness, although it was wrongly believed to be one in the past. People with gender dysphoria can be treated with counselling, hormone therapy and sex change surgical procedures. Not every transgender individual requires or wishes to undergo sex change surgery. But some trans people do end up going through sex change operations. Sex change surgery is irreversible. Therefore and obviously anyone wishing to undergo a sex change operation from male to female should carefully consider that decision.
Male-to-female sex reassignment surgery involves reshaping the male genitals into a form with the appearance of, and as far as possible, the function of female genitalia. Before any surgery, patients usually undergo feminizing hormone therapy , though this is not a requirement. There are associated surgeries patients may elect to undergo, including vaginoplasty , facial hair removal , facial feminization surgery , breast augmentation and various other procedures. Lili Elbe was the first well-known recipient of male-to-female sex reassignment surgery, in Germany in , the first being Dora Richter. She was the subject of four surgeries: one for orchiectomy , one to transplant an ovary , one for penectomy , and one for vaginoplasty and a uterus transplant. However, she died three months after her last operation.
Reasons for choosing to have male to female sex reassignment surgery
I started my transgender journey as a 4-year-old boy when my grandmother repeatedly, over several years, cross-dressed me in a full-length purple dress she made especially for me and told me how pretty I was as a girl. This planted the seed of gender confusion and led to my transitioning at age 42 to transgender female. Studies show that most people who want to live as the opposite sex have other psychological issues , such as depression or anxiety. In my case, I was diagnosed at age 40 with gender dysphoria and at age 50 with psychological issues due to childhood trauma. I thought my secret was safe, but my teenage uncle heard about it and felt I was fair game for taunting and sexual abuse. If not for the purple dress, I believe I would not have been abused by my uncle. Read more commentary:. Trump's anti-transgender memo would hurt teens like me. I'm hoping my state protects me.
Many will remember the moment back in January when actress Laverne Cox schooled Katie Couric, after Couric ask an invasive question about her body. We experience discrimination disproportionately to the rest of the community. Our unemployment rate is twice the national average [.