NCBI Bookshelf. Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment and Management. In the first section are first-hand personal accounts written by service users, former service users and a carer, which provide some experiences of having the diagnosis, accessing services and caring for someone with the disorder. It should be noted that these accounts are not representative of the experiences of people with borderline personality disorder, and therefore can only ever be illustrative. The accounts were obtained through contacts of the service users and carers on the GDG , and therefore illustrate a relatively narrow range of experience the majority are from people whose primary mode of treatment was in a therapeutic community.
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Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. The practice of creating and sharing sexual images via technological devices, known as sexting, has received crescent attention in the past years, especially due to the increase of adolescent engagement in this behavior. Although consensual sexting is not prima facie a crime, as some research has shown, it has the potential to be a risky behavior, and a threshold to get exposure to dangerous kinds of victimization as sextortion, online grooming or cyberbullying. In this context, teenagers represent a vulnerable group due to their limited ability of self-regulation, their high susceptibility to peer pressure, their technophilia, and their growing sexual curiosity. The present paper aims to review the scientific literature to analyze the relationship between mental health and sexting as a potentially risky behavior and its association with online victimization. The results and implications will be discussed. Therefore, it has been diversely defined, including from broad definitions that include the sending of any kind of sexual content to narrower definitions, which are image-based only [ 3 ]. Some authors include coercion as part of the sexting behavior [ 4 ], while others consider that sexting is voluntary by definition [ 5 ]; some definitions include sending text messages non-image based as part of the sexting behaviors [ 6 , 7 ], while others exclude them from the definition [ 8 , 9 ]. The existing literature on sexting also differs in the population samples used for the research teens vs.
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The DSM 5 American Psychiatric Association [APA], defines paraphilic disorders as sexual disorders in which persons have frequent and recurring instances of intense sexually arousing thoughts, ideas, urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving non-human objects, humiliation of self and partner, children or other non-consenting people, over a long period - at least 6 months. In certain instances, according to DSM 5, the target of the person displaying Voyeuristic Disorder is aware of the presence of voyeur and consents to this behavior; however, in most cases, the voyeur purposefully acts in such a manner without seeking the consent of the target. The symptoms of Voyeuristic Disorder are extremely difficult to examine and notice, as the persons exhibiting such conditions engage in voyeuristic activities anonymously. According to DSM 5, the most common symptoms of Voyeuristic Disorder are experiencing intense sexual fantasies and urges or getting sexual gratification from watching a person naked with or without the consent of the target. Not everyone who has voyeuristic tendencies suffers from Voyeuristic Disorder. The diagnosis of Voyeuristic Disorder is made if the behavior, fantasies and the intense sexual urges cause significant distress or hindrance to social, occupational and other significant areas of normal functioning. These diagnostic criteria, according to DSM 5, can be applied equally to individuals who accept their paraphilic interest and to those who deny having such tendencies. If disclosing individuals also report of any emotional distress, social impairment and other psychological problems, then they can be diagnosed as having Voyeuristic Disorder. However, if these people do not display any distress, social impairment or other psychological problems, and their legal and mental history does not indicate that they acted on their voyeuristic tendencies, then they can be diagnosed as persons have voyeuristic sexual tendencies and not as persons exhibiting Voyeuristic Disorder. Individuals who do not disclose their voyeuristic behavior after being known to have spied on nonconsenting individuals who were naked, disrobing or engaging in sexual activity, often term these episodes as accidental and nonsexual.
Each piece describes a singular and unique experience. These essays are not meant to be representative of every diagnosis, but to give us a peek into one person's mind so we may be more empathetic to all. After a decade of mood swings, suicidal tendencies, depression, and anxiety, I finally received an accurate diagnosis for the symptoms that have been plaguing me since late childhood: borderline personality disorder BPD. I wake up 45 minutes before my alarm—a regular occurrence. My brain rarely allows me to experience the full extent of available sleep hours. Waking up groggy, contributes to my daily morning anxiety. Sleep is everything to me. My frog becomes roadkill in the game of life. I turn my head to the right and gaze at my dozing partner.